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United Nations Development Programme
Arab Human Development Report Consultation: Citizenship in Arab Countries
AHDR - Arab Human Development Report
Amman - Jordan
06 - 07 Dec 2019
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Amman - Jordan
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Judy Sbayti

Project Management Associate

Program Support Unit

United Nations Development Programme

RBAS - Regional Programme Division

P.O. Box 11-481

Beirut, Lebanon


Resource Guide

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Arab Human Development Report Consultation 

Citizenship in Arab Countries 

6-7 December 2019 

Venue: Sheraton Amman Al Nabil Hotel in Amman, Jordan. 


The Arab Human Development Reports (AHDR), published by UNDP since 2002, have contributed to the regional and global debate showing that Arab countries can achieve leaps forward in development, reinforce stability and secure gains in a sustainable manner, if they prioritize adopting policies that ensure the well-being, productivity, self-determination and good citizenship of their population.  

The 2030 Agenda as well as the Sustainable Development Goals have the potential to help countries in the region to identify policy bottlenecks and innovative solutions to overcome grievances and build a more sustainable future. Yetdata gaps necessitate concentrated efforts to make Agenda 2030 a useful tool for advocacy and policymaking.  

The forthcoming Arab Human Development Report intends to delve into the connection between the concept of citizenship and the principle of leaving non-one behind, which is critical to the implementation of the 2030 agenda. The framework, described in the paper “Leaving No One Behind: Towards Inclusive Citizenship in the Arab Countries”, proposes to analyse exclusion in the Arab region through five forces: discrimination, socio-economic exclusion, geographic exclusion, unaccountable governance, and shocks and fragility. To support the analysis, UNDP commissioned data collection on people’s perception about the social contract and social inclusion. The survey was conducted through mobile phone application in 12 countries: Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen. 

In collaboration with the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND)UNDP will convene a two-day consultation, where it will share the preliminary findings from the survey with experts from the region representing academic institutions and civil society organisations. 

The objectives of the consultation are: 

  1. To validate the findings of the survey with a reality check: are available official statistics consistent with the perceptions expressed by the respondents? Are other surveys or anecdotal evidence confirming those findings?  

  1. To discuss potential solutions to enhance inclusion and ensure a sustainable development pathway for a new social contract in Arab countries, consistent with priorities expressed through the survey and other instruments to measure people’s attitudes.  

After an introduction to the framework and the methodology the survey (session 1), the consultation will be organised in five sessions, each focusing on a specific force of exclusion (sessions 2-6). The sessions will present a panel of experts that will discuss: 

  • Key findings of the survey in this area 

  • Feedback from the panelists to support the analysis and an in-depth understanding of the issue 

  • Possible policy solutions that have been implemented in the Arab region or elsewhere to address the issue. 

An additional session (session 7) will discuss how the five forces of exclusion overlap and are exacerbated in conflict context and how to support the re-design of the social contract in post-conflict situations. 

The final session (session 8) will focus on the potential solutions identified in the previous sessions, for a final discussion around priority areas to redesign a more inclusive and sustainable social contract in Arab countries. 

Page Break 

Day 1 – 6 December 2019 

9:00am -11:00am 


Session 1Leaving No One Behind in the context of Arab countries 

Scope: presentation of the AHDR conceptual framework and the main findings of the survey 


  • Introduction to the event  Zahra Bazzi, ANND 

  • Presentations of the analytical framework: why citizenship? – Adel Abdellatif, UNDP 

  • Survey methodology: voices of people from Arab countries – Paola Pagliani, UNDP 

  • Q&A: clarifications on approach and methodology 


11:00am – 11:30am Break 

11:30am – 1:00pm 


Session 2Forces of exclusion: discrimination 

Scopeexclusion from services and opportunities due to individual or group identity, including gender, ethnicity, religion, disability, etc. 


  • Introduction to survey results and other evidence – Ellen Hsu UNDP 

  • Panel – moderated by Faouzi Boukhriss – Sociology Professor 

  • Awad Obayat- The Arab Forum for People with Disability 

  • Gihan Abou Zeid – Gender Expert, Egypt 

  • Discussion 


1:00pm – 2:00pm Lunch – Hosted by RBAS 

2:00pm – 4:00pm 


Session 3Forces of exclusion: socio-economic exclusion 

ScopeUnemployment, lack of access to market opportunities, as well as lack of access to quality services can cripple people’s choices to live a fulfilling life. 


  • Introduction to survey results and other evidence – Paola Pagliani UNDP 

  • Panel – moderated by Salma Hussein, Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights 

  • Ahmad Awad - Phenix Center for Economic and Informatics Studies, Jordan  

  • Adib Nehme, ANND 

  • Discussion 

4:00pm – 4:30pm Break 

4:30am – 6:00pm 


Session 4Forces of exclusion: geographic exclusion 

ScopeRural or urban location, living in informal settlements or slums, and the unequal distribution of development gains in a country can affect the quality of infrastructure and access to services and economic opportunities 


  • Introduction to survey results and other evidence – Adel Abdellatif UNDP 

  • Panel – moderated by Larbi Sadiki, Brookings Doha Center  

  • Wael Gamal – Journalist, Egypt  

  • Ahmad Mansour, Housing and Land Rights Network, Habitat International Coalition 

  • Discussion  


8:00pm onwards Social Event – Hosted by RBAS  




Day 2 – 7 December 2019 

9:00am -10:30am 


Session 5Forces of exclusion: shocks and fragility 

ScopeEnvironmental degradation and poor management of natural resources, couple with the scarcity of resources such as water, disproportionally affect the region’s least developed countries and most vulnerable populations, and it has been linked to some of the past and on-going conflicts 


  • Introduction to survey results and other evidence – Ellen Hsu UNDP 

  • Panel – moderated by Abdul Karim Barghouti, Birzeit University, Palestine 

  • Kanj Hamade – Lebanese University 

  • Saker Elnour – Researcher, Egypt  

  • Discussion 


10:30am  11:00am Break 

11:00am  1:00pm 


Session 6Forces of exclusion: unaccountable governance 

Scope: Unaccountable and unresponsive public institutions as well as perceived widespread corruption often drive exclusion and disenfranchisement of large segments of the population. 


  • Introduction to survey results and other evidence – Adel Abdellatif UNDP 

  • Panel – moderated by Anas Elhasnaoul, Espace Associatif, Morocco 

  • Azmi Shuaibi – Aman, Palestine 

  • Neimat Kuku – Gender Centre for Research and Training, Sudan  

  • Discussion  


1:00pm  2:00pm Lunch  Hosted by RBAS 

2:00pm  4:00pm 


Session 7: Conflicts exacerbate all forces of exclusion 

Scope: forces of exclusion exacerbate when they overall and they all tend to overlap in areas affected by protracted conflict, with consequences lasting for generations. The collapse of the social contract is a cause and consequence of those circumstances. 


  • Introduction to survey results and other evidence – Paola Pagliani UNDP 

  • Panel – moderated by Larbi Sadiki, Brookings Doha Center 

  • Iyad Amra – Social & Economic Policies Monitor (Marsad), Palestine  

  • Abdel Karim Barghouti – Birzeit University, Palestine  

  • Discussion  


4:00pm  4:30pm Break 

4:30am  6:00pm 


Session 8: Towards a new social contract: avenues to inclusion 

Scope: recap of the policy solutions identified in each area and final discussion 


  • Recap of main points from the discussion – Adel Abdellatif UNDP 

  • Remarks on the integrated human rights-based approach and the role of different stakeholders: State, Private Sector, Civil Society  Adib Nehme, ANND 

  • Discussion  



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